What Are The Types Of Electric Cars?


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What Are The Types Of Electric Cars?
With models such as the Model S, Model X and Model 3 produced by Tesla, the BMW i3, Renault Zoe and Nissan Leaf were able to increase interest in electric cars with their high performance and technological features. Ford, Mercedes, Volkswagen and other major manufacturers will enter the electric vehicle market with the announcement that everyone's eyes and ears focused on this issue. Of course, a lot of information about electric cars is missing or inaccurate, although it is a very popular topic. We've written for you everything you need to know about electric car types. We'll start with battery cars.

How Do Battery Powered Vehicles Work?


Battery models, the most well-known type among electric vehicles, move because of the electric energy obtained by charging. In short, the battery must be full to move the vehicle. But electricity is among the most difficult energy sources to store. For this reason, batteries with heavy weights such as 300 kilograms are used for storage.

In electric vehicles, there is an alternating current motor developed by Nikola Tesla, which operates through a system called a rotor. The Rotor converts the electrical energy from the battery to its mechanical energy and allows the vehicle to move.

How Do Electric Cars Move?
Most of the first models that come to mind when called electric cars in Turkey are batteries. In order for electric cars to work, the battery must first have electricity in it. The electric car engine consists of two cylinders intertwined. A fixed part called a Stator contains a moving mechanism called a rotor. The statora electric current is given by the system invented by Nikola Tesla. The electric current creates a magnetic effect and the rotor rotates. Thus, electrical energy is translated into mechanical energy that will allow the car to move.

Why Are Electric Cars Fast?
Fossil fuel vehicles have hundreds of parts that are needed to move the vehicle outside the engine. The energy from the fuel is reduced due to various transfers until it goes to the wheels. That's why even the best fossil-fuel engines run at less than 50% efficiency. Electric vehicles do not have nearly any parts except the battery and the engine. So very little transfer is done and the efficiency remains quite high. Electric cars run at an average efficiency of 80% and have almost 2 times the efficiency of fossil fuel vehicles that are competitors in their class. Therefore, they are often much faster than their competitors.

How Long Is The Battery Life Of An Electric Car?